The Coal Market Update finds that global coal demand is estimated to have grown by about 1.5% in the first half of 2023, to a total of about 4.7 billion tonnes.
European coal use is expected to fall sharply this year as renewables expand, and as nuclear and hydropower partially recover from their recent slumps.
IEA Director of Energy Markets and Security, Keisuke Sadamori, said: “Coal is the largest single source of carbon emissions from the energy sector, and in Europe and the United States, the growth of clean energy has put coal use into structural decline. But demand remains stubbornly high in Asia.
“We need greater policy efforts and investments – backed by stronger international cooperation – to drive a massive surge in clean energy and energy efficiency to reduce coal demand in economies where energy needs are growing fast.”