Mining company has signed an agreement with India’s Tata Steel to work on developing low carbon iron and steel technology.
Using carbon capture and storage, with biomass as the source of energy, is one of the ways the companies aim to slash their carbon footprint.
They have revealed that the technologies currently under consideration could see the carbon intensity of steel mills drop by 30%.
There will be a heavy focus on the iron-making process that uses blast furnaces – since this is responsible for more than 60% of Indian steel production.
Vandita Pant, Chief Commercial Officer at BHP, said: “India has invested heavily in the blast furnace route for steel production and crude steel output was 118 megatonnes last year. It is, therefore, critical to innovate and demonstrate pathways to reduce emissions from the blast furnace, while alternative steel pathways emerge and low carbon energy systems scale-up.”
Tata Steel’s Vice President, Rajiv Mukerji, added: “The steel sector will play a critical role in achieving India’s net zero commitment. Tata Steel is already working on several pilot projects focussed on the development of deep decarbonisation technologies such as carbon capture, hydrogen-based steelmaking, use of biomass and other alternate ironmaking routes.”